SPECIES: juniperus phoenicea L.
LOCAL NAME: jacia, aiàcciu
DESCRIPTION: evergreen shrub or tree, it can reach 10 metres in height; branched trunk, grey-silver bark. Thick, irregular crown. Scale leaves, arranged in decussate pairs or in whorls, with a thin hard end. Berry-like cones, green at the beginning, turning dark red within a year.
HABITAT: coastal areas, hills and medium-mountains until 900 m.
SPECIES: oleae europaea L.
LOCAL NAME: uddàstru
DESCRIPTION: middle-height shrub or tree, with a gnarled, twisted trunk and a wide crown. Light grey bark. Persistent, lanceolate leaves green above and silver below. Numerous white flowers. The fruit is a drupe that ripens in the winter.
HABITAT: the plant grows in different habitats from sea-level until 600 m.
SPECIES: arbutus Unedo L.
LOCAL NAME: lioni
DESCRIPTION: evergreen shrub, with a thick rounded crown, on average 3-5 m. high. Brown-reddish bark. Persistent, lanceolate, serrate leaves. White campanulate hanging flowers. The fruit, is an edible red berry. It flowers in Autumn-Winter and fruits between August and November of the following year, bearing simultaneously its flowers and fruits.
HABITAT: It grows in altitudes between 0-500 m.
SPECIES: pistacia lentiscus L.
LOCAL NAME: chessa
DESCRIPTION: branched shrub, 4-5 m. heigh. Thick irregular crown. Winding trunk with a dark reddish bark. Evergreen compound leaves, made of 3-5 glossy, light green leaflets with a resinous scent. The fruit is a rounded drupe, red at the beginning, black when ripened. FLOWERING: March-April
HABITAT: It grows in habitats up to 400-500 m.
SPECIES: mirtus communis L.
LOCAL NAME: multa
DESCRIPTION: evergreen shrub, highly branched, 1-3 m. high. Grey bark. Persistent, lanceolate leaves, rich in essential oils. White or pinkish flowers with numerous stamens. Fruits are small oval bluish-black berries. They ripen between October and November.
HABITAT: It grows on coastal and hill areas.
SPECIES: cistus monspeliensis
LOCAL NAME: mùcchju
DESCRIPTION: aromatic, evergreen shrub, up to 2 m. high. Lanceolate, sticky, dark green leaves. White flowers, with occasionaly yellowish nuances, usually in groups of 3-8 flowers. Its fruits are small hairy capsules
HABITAT: it prefers acid soils. It grows in areas between sea level up to 700 m.; it colonizes burnt, degraded terrains.